By Alia Chughtai / Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera

Year: 2020

What he was doing: Allegedly tried to use a counterfeit $20 bill.

How he was killed: Floyd was handcuffed on the ground as Officer Derek Chauvin knelt on his neck for eight minutes and 46 seconds - as Floyd pleaded with the four officers present and repeatedly told them that he could not breathe. Chauvin kept his knee on Floyd's neck even when he became unresponsive. Two autopsy reports listed Floyd's death as homicide, although they gave different causes.

Action taken: All four officers involved were fired. Chauvin faces the most serious charges, including second-degree murder. The three other officers were charged with aiding and abetting second-degree murder and manslaughter.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2020

What she was doing: Asleep at home.

How she was killed: Taylor and her boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, were sleeping when three plainclothes officers arrived at their apartment to execute a search warrant in a drug case. They believed it was a break-in and Walker called 911 and fired his licensed firearm. Taylor, who was unarmed, was shot eight times.

Action taken: Officers involved in the incident were reassigned pending the results of an investigation.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2019

What she was doing: At home.

How she was killed: A police officer shot and killed Jefferson through the window of her home in the presence of her eight-year-old nephew. The police were responding to a call from a neighbour who reported that Jefferson's front door had been left open.

Action taken: Officer Aaron Dean resigned. He was later indicted on murder charges.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What she was doing: At home.

How she was killed: Rosser's boyfriend, Victor Stephens, called 911 to ask the police to escort her out of the house because of an altercation. The official report says that when the officers entered the home, Rosser was holding a knife and refused to drop it. Officer Mark Raab used his taser. Officer David Ried fired a single shot that killed her.

Action taken: Ried did not face any charges over Rosser's death. The police department and city implemented reforms, including equipping officers with body cameras.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2018

What he was doing: Standing in his grandmother's back yard.

How he was killed: Officers said they believed Clark was holding a gun as they shot at him more than 20 times. Clarke was only holding a mobile phone.

Action taken: The district attorney declined to file criminal charges. Clark's family reached a $2.4m settlement with the city of Sacramento.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2018

What he was doing: Seated on his sofa at home, eating ice cream.

How he was killed: Jean was shot by off-duty police officer Amber Guyger after she entered his apartment believing, she said, that it was hers and he was a dangerous intruder.

Action taken: Guyger was found guilty of murder and sentenced to 10 years in prison. The maximum sentence available was 99 years. Prosecutors had asked that she be sentenced to 28 years. Jean's brother, Brandt Jean, hugged Guyger in court and told her he forgave her.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2016

What he was doing: Pulled over for a traffic stop.

How he was killed: Police dashcam video of a traffic stop shows a police officer shooting Castile seconds after he informed him that he had a legal firearm. Castile's girlfrfiend, Diamond Reynolds, who was in the car, along with her four-year-old daughter, captured the aftermath on Facebook Live.

Action taken: Officer Jeronimo Yanez was acquitted of second-degree manslaughter. The city agreed to a $3m settlement with Castile’s mother.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2016

What he was doing: Selling CDs and DVDs.

How he was killed: Sterling was shot by Officer Blane Salamoni, one of two officers who confronted him outside a shop. He was tasered and pinned to the ground before being shot six times. In video footage, Salamoni can be heard threatening to shoot Sterling in the head and then, after the shooting, repeatedly calling him "a stupid m***********".

Action taken: Salmoni was fired. Howie Lake II, the other officer involved, was suspended for three days. No charges were filed.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2015

What she was doing: At home.

How she was killed: Four police officers arrived to serve a court-ordered transport to an inpatient mental health facility. Possibly confused, Cusseaux had an exchange with the officers, who decided to remove her security door. They said she charged towards them with a hammer. Sergeant Percy Dupra fired a single shot. Cusseaux died shortly after.

Action taken: Dupra was demoted.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2015

What he was doing: In a police van.

How he was killed: Gray had been arrested and placed in the back of a police van. He was found dead 45 minutes later, his spinal cord nearly severed. His hands and feet had been shackled and without a seatbelt he could not protect himself as he was tossed around inside the vehicle.

Action taken: Six officers were charged in connection with Gray's death. Three were aquitted and three had their cases dropped. The city reached a $6.4m settlement with Gray's family.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2015

What she was doing: At home.

How she was killed: Officers Anthony Holzhauer and Shon Sheffield answered a distress call to take Fonville to a mental health facility. According to Fonville's partner, Korneshia Banks, Fonville had a knife earlier and she was worried she might harm herself. Holzhauer shot Fonville. The official account says Fonville lunged at the officers with a knife. Banks says she did not see a knife in Fonville's hand when she was shot.

Action taken: Holzhauer was not charged.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What he was doing: Allegedly selling loose cigarettes.

How he was killed: Officer Daniel Pantaleo held Eric in a chokehold that he did not release in spite of Garner saying "I can't breathe" 11 times.

Action taken: A grand jury declined to indict Pantaleo. He was placed on desk duty after the incident. He was fired in 2019. The city reached a settlement with the Garner family for $5.9m.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What he was doing: Walking down the stairs in the building where he lived.

How he was killed: Police officer Peter Liang and his partner were conducting a "vertical patrol" in a housing project. Liang entered an unlit stairwell, and fired his weapon. The bullet bounced off a wall and killed Gurley.

Action taken: Liang was fired. He was convicted of manslaughter and official misconduct in 2016. He was sentenced to five years probation and community service.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What she was doing: Driving.

How she was killed: When officers asked Nevarez to pull over she rammed into a patrol car. The police officers opened fire on her car.

Action taken: At least two officers were put on administriatve leave.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What he was doing: Playing with a toy gun in a park.

How he was killed: Within two seconds of arriving at the park, Officer Timothy Loehmann had fatally shot Rice. Police then tackled his 14-year-old sister, Tajai, to the ground, handcuffed her and put her in the back of a police car. It took four minutes for officers to administer first aid to Rice. He died in hospital the following day.

Action taken: Loehmann and Officer Frank Garmbark, who was with him, were not indicted. Garmbark was suspended for 10 days. The city of Cleveland agreed to pay Rice's family $6m to settle a civil lawsuit. Loehmann was later fired for discrepancies on his job application.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What he was doing: Walking with a friend.

How he was killed: A white police officer confronted Brown and his friend. A scuffle ensued and the officer - Darren Wilson - shot and killed Brown. Wilson said he acted in self-defence.

Action taken: No charges were brought. Wilson resigned from the Ferguson Police Department.

Al Jazeera

Year: 2014

What she was doing: Family called 911 for help because Tanisha, who was bipolar, was restless and trying to leave the house.

How she was killed: Officers Scott Aldridge and Bryan Myers convinced Anderson to return to a mental-health facility. They walked her to their vehicle, but what followed is disputed. The officers said she fell to the ground, while her family said she was slammed down. Investigators estimate that she was handcuffed on the ground for about 21 minutes before paramedics arrived.

Action taken: Aldridge was suspended for 10 days without pay. Myers was issued with a written warning. The city settled a $2.25m wrongful death lawsuit.

These are just a few of the Black Americans killed by police. There are many, many more.

Produced by:

Alia Chughtai

Illustrations by:

Christian Mugarura Mafigiri

For @AJLabs

Al Jazeera