What he was doing: Driving with his girlfriend
How he was killed: Wright was stopped by officers for a traffic violation. Police tried to detain him for an outstanding warrant. Brooklyn Center police officer Kim Potter shot him as he was trying to get back into his car. The police chief says it was an accident - that Potter mistook her gun for her Taser.
Action taken: Police Chief Tim Gannon and Officer Kim Potter both resigned. Potter has been charged with second-degree manslaughter.
What he was doing: Emerged from a garage and holding up a cellphone in his left hand
How he was killed: Officer Adam Coy shot Andre Hill and handcuffed him. He lay on the ground for five minutes and 11 seconds till he died.
Action taken: Columbus police officer Adam Coy was fired hours after a hearing was held to determine his employment. Criminal investigation is pending.
What he was doing: Walking home from a convenience store.
How he was killed: Officer slammed the patrol car door into him, knocking him down. Tacoma Police Department officers Christopher Burbank and Matthew Collins tackled and struck Ellis multiple times.
Action taken: Attorney General Ferguson charged Christopher Burbank and Matthew Collins of second-degree and first-degree manslaughter against Timothy Rankine.
What he was doing: He fell asleep in his car, blocking the drive-through lane at a fast-food restaurant.
How he was killed: Police body cameras showed former officers Garrett Rolfe and Devin Brosnan speaking to Brooks for more than 40 minutes after complaints that the 27-year-old Black man had fallen asleep in his car. The officers told Brooks he had had too much to drink to drive and attempted to restrain him, a struggle ensued, and Brooks fled. He was shot twice in the back, according to the autopsy.
Action taken: Rolfe was fired; he faces 11 charges, including felony murder. Brosnan faces a number of charges including aggravated assault.
What he was doing: He had run onto the street, naked, while experiencing a 'mental health episode'
How he was killed: Prude was initially compliant when emergency services found him at 3am, though he became agitated. Police placed a “spit hood” on his head. Officer Mark Vaughn used his body weight to force Prude’s head against the pavement as others restrained him. Prude said police were “trying to kill” him as he was restrained for over three minutes. An autopsy found he died of “complications of asphyxia” due to the restraint, as well as acute intoxication.
Action taken: New York Attorney General Letitia James says Prude’s death is being investigated. Seven police officers involved were suspended on September 4, 2020.
What he was doing: Allegedly tried to use a counterfeit $20 bill.
How he was killed: Floyd was handcuffed on the ground as Officer Derek Chauvin knelt on his neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds - as Floyd pleaded with the four officers present and repeatedly told them that he could not breathe. Chauvin kept his knee on Floyd's neck even when he became unresponsive. Two autopsy reports listed Floyd's death as homicide, although they gave different causes.
Action taken: All four officers were fired. Chauvin was arrested, charged and convicted April 20, 2021 of second and third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter. On June 25, 2021 Chauvin was sentenced to 22.5 years in prison. Three other officers have been charged with aiding and abetting murder and manslaugher and are scheduled to be tried in March, 2022. Minneapolis agreed to pay $27m to Floyd's family to settle a civil lawsuit.
What she was doing: Asleep at home.
How she was killed: Taylor and her boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, were sleeping when three plainclothes officers arrived at their apartment to execute a search warrant in a drug case. They believed it was a break-in and Walker called 911 and fired his licensed firearm. Taylor, who was unarmed, was shot eight times.
Action taken: Officers involved in the incident were reassigned pending the results of an investigation. Former Louisville police detective Brett Hankison was fired and charged with three counts of wanton endangerment for firing into the home of Taylor's neighbors. No charges were brought for Taylor's shooting and death. Louisville agreed to pay Taylor's family $12m to settle a wrongful death lawsuit and agreed to a series of police reforms.
What she was doing: At home.
How she was killed: A police officer shot and killed Jefferson through the window of her home in the presence of her eight-year-old nephew. The police were responding to a call from a neighbour who reported that Jefferson's front door had been left open.
Action taken: Officer Aaron Dean resigned. He was later indicted on murder charges.
What she was doing: At home.
How she was killed: Rosser's boyfriend, Victor Stephens, called 911 to ask the police to escort her out of the house because of an altercation. The official report says that when the officers entered the home, Rosser was holding a knife and refused to drop it. Officer Mark Raab used his taser. Officer David Ried fired a single shot that killed her.
Action taken: Ried did not face any charges over Rosser's death. The police department and city implemented reforms, including equipping officers with body cameras.
Correction - 3/3/2021: A previous version of this profile showed an incorrect image for Aura Rosser. That illustration has been replaced with a new sketch.
What he was doing: Standing in his grandmother's back yard.
How he was killed: Officers said they believed Clark was holding a gun as they shot at him more than 20 times. Clark was only holding a mobile phone.
Action taken: The district attorney declined to file criminal charges. Clark's family reached a $2.4m settlement with the city of Sacramento.
What he was doing: Seated on his sofa at home, eating ice cream.
How he was killed: Jean was shot by off-duty police officer Amber Guyger after she entered his apartment believing, she said, that it was hers and he was a dangerous intruder.
Action taken: Guyger was found guilty of murder and sentenced to 10 years in prison. The maximum sentence available was 99 years. Prosecutors had asked that she be sentenced to 28 years. Jean's brother, Brandt Jean, hugged Guyger in court and told her he forgave her.
What he was doing: Pulled over for a traffic stop.
How he was killed: Police dashcam video of a traffic stop shows a police officer shooting Castile seconds after he informed him that he had a legal firearm. Castile's girlfrfiend, Diamond Reynolds, who was in the car, along with her four-year-old daughter, captured the aftermath on Facebook Live.
Action taken: Officer Jeronimo Yanez was acquitted of second-degree manslaughter. The city agreed to a $3m settlement with Castile’s mother.
What he was doing: Selling CDs and DVDs.
How he was killed: Sterling was shot by Officer Blane Salamoni, one of two officers who confronted him outside a shop. He was tasered and pinned to the ground before being shot six times. In video footage, Salamoni can be heard threatening to shoot Sterling in the head and then, after the shooting, repeatedly calling him "a stupid m***********".
Action taken: Salamoni was fired. Howie Lake II, the other officer involved, was suspended for three days. No charges were filed.
What he was doing: In a police van.
How he was killed: Gray had been arrested and placed in the back of a police van. He was found dead 45 minutes later, his spinal cord nearly severed. His hands and feet had been shackled and without a seatbelt he could not protect himself as he was tossed around inside the vehicle.
Action taken: Six officers were charged in connection with Gray's death. Three were aquitted and three had their cases dropped. The city reached a $6.4m settlement with Gray's family.
What she was doing: At home.
How she was killed: Officers Anthony Holzhauer and Shon Sheffield answered a distress call to take Fonville to a mental health facility. According to Fonville's partner, Korneshia Banks, Fonville had a knife earlier and she was worried she might harm herself. Holzhauer shot Fonville. The official account says Fonville lunged at the officers with a knife. Banks says she did not see a knife in Fonville's hand when she was shot.
Action taken: Holzhauer was not charged.
What he was doing: Allegedly selling loose cigarettes.
How he was killed: Officer Daniel Pantaleo held Eric in a chokehold that he did not release in spite of Garner saying "I can't breathe" 11 times.
Action taken: A grand jury declined to indict Pantaleo. He was placed on desk duty after the incident. He was fired in 2019. The city reached a settlement with the Garner family for $5.9m.
What she was doing: At home.
How she was killed: Four police officers arrived to serve a court-ordered transport to an inpatient mental health facility. Possibly confused, Cusseaux had an exchange with the officers, who decided to remove her security door. They said she charged towards them with a hammer. Sergeant Percy Dupra fired a single shot. Cusseaux died shortly after.
Action taken: Dupra was demoted.
What he was doing: Walking down the stairs in the building where he lived.
How he was killed: Police officer Peter Liang and his partner were conducting a "vertical patrol" in a housing project. Liang entered an unlit stairwell, and fired his weapon. The bullet bounced off a wall and killed Gurley.
Action taken: Liang was fired. He was convicted of manslaughter and official misconduct in 2016. He was sentenced to five years probation and community service.
What she was doing: Driving.
How she was killed: When officers asked Nevarez to pull over she rammed into a patrol car. The police officers opened fire on her car.
Action taken: At least two officers were put on administriatve leave.
What he was doing: Playing with a toy gun in a park.
How he was killed: Within two seconds of arriving at the park, Officer Timothy Loehmann had fatally shot Rice. Police then tackled his 14-year-old sister, Tajai, to the ground, handcuffed her and put her in the back of a police car. It took four minutes for officers to administer first aid to Rice. He died in hospital the following day.
Action taken: Loehmann and Officer Frank Garmbark, who was with him, were not indicted. Garmbark was suspended for 10 days. The city of Cleveland agreed to pay Rice's family $6m to settle a civil lawsuit. Loehmann was later fired for discrepancies on his job application.
What he was doing: Walking with a friend.
How he was killed: A white police officer confronted Brown and his friend. A scuffle ensued and the officer - Darren Wilson - shot and killed Brown. Wilson said he acted in self-defence.
Action taken: No charges were brought. Wilson resigned from the Ferguson Police Department.
What she was doing: Family called 911 for help because Tanisha, who was bipolar, was restless and trying to leave the house.
How she was killed: Officers Scott Aldridge and Bryan Myers convinced Anderson to return to a mental-health facility. They walked her to their vehicle, but what followed is disputed. The officers said she fell to the ground, while her family said she was slammed down. Investigators estimate that she was handcuffed on the ground for about 21 minutes before paramedics arrived.
Action taken: Aldridge was suspended for 10 days without pay. Myers was issued with a written warning. The city settled a $2.25m wrongful death lawsuit.
These are just a few of the Black Americans killed by police. There are many, many more.
Christian Mugarura Mafigiri