Media in Political Transition
in the Southern Mediterranean after 2011

How do conventional and social media expand public expression to bring about political transition in Tunisia, Morocco and Turkey since the wave of popular uprisings that swept the region in 2011?

The Story

Speaker: Dr Farmanfarmaian, Principal


January 4, 2011

President Zine El Abidin Ben Ali flees after countrywide protests.

October 23, 2011

Elections to Constituent Assembly; an-Nahda wins a majority

December 12, 2011

Moncef Marzouki elected as president by the Constituent Assembly

May 3, 2013

Establishment of the new audio-visual regulation agency, Haute Autorite Independante de la Communication Audiovisuelle

January 26, 2014

New Constitution adopted

October 26, 2014

First free parliamentary elections; an-Nahda wins a majority

December 21, 2014

First free presidential elections; Nida Touis party leader Beji Caid Essebsi wins


February 20, 2011

Major protests reflecting regional uprisings; 20 February Movement established

July 1, 2011

A new constitution, presented by King Mohammed VI, approved by referendum, granting Parliament and the government more powers

November 25, 2011

Parliamentary elections held early; originally scheduled for 2012. The Islamist Justice and Development Party (PJD) wins a majority of votes, and forms a coalition government

August 15, 2016

New press code adopted by Parliament

October 7, 2016

The PJD again wins a majority in parliamentary elections. Coalition negotiations continue


November 2, 2002

The Justice and Development Party (AKP) led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan wins parliamentary election. Erdogan becomes prime minister

July 22, 2007

Parliamentary elections. AKP wins a landslide victory, Erdogan again named prime minister

June 12, 2011

The AKP renews its term in office in parliamentary elections. March 21, 2013: The PKK ends its armed activities as part of the Kurdish “Solution Process”; government negotiations begin with the PKK

May/June 2013

Gezi Park Protests

December 17-25, 2013

Corruption investigations against ministers. Beginning of the AKP-Gulen Movement tensions

August 10, 2014

First presidential elections by direct popular vote; Recep Tayyip Erdogan becomes president

June 7, 2015

Parliamentary elections. The AKP wins a majority of votes, but for the first time, requires a coalition to govern. Coalition negotiations fail. The Kurdish “Solution Process” comes to an end

October 10, 2015

First terrorist attacks in Istanbul and Ankara

November 1, 2015

Second round of parliamentary elections. The AKP wins outright

July 15, 2016

Failed coup attempt by a military faction; government blames coup attempt on Gulen Movement

Project Leaders

Roxane Farmanfarmaian, PhD.

Principle Investigator and Director, University of Cambridge - Al Jazeera Media Project

Salah Eddin Elzein, PhD.

Director of Al Jazeera Centre for Studies

Ali Sonay, PhD.

Al Jazeera Post-Doc

Read the findings