SAINT

HOW TO BECOME A

By granting sainthood, the Roman Catholic Church recognises that the saint is in heaven. After the canonisation, worshipers may pray to this saint.  Nearly 3,000 people have been canonised by the Roman Catholic Church since the practice began in 1234.

 

in a process called canonisation.

 

by the Roman Catholic Church

 

Mother Teresa has been declared a saint

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So how exactly does one become a saint?

Anyone can

become a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, but this status is only granted after death. Furthermore, to achieve this beatified status, one must lead a heroically virtuous life, in the strictest accord with the teachings of the church, embracing charity, faith, hope and other virtues. One must also perform miracles during their life and either be martyred in the name of their religion, or be responsible for miracles posthumously.

The canonisation procedure must begin at least five years after a person’s death.

However, the Pope can make exceptions to this rule, as in the case of Mother Teresa, who became a candidate only two years after her death.

The process of canonisation can be divided into four stages:

1

2

Servant of God

Heroically virtuous

A formal request for an individual to be considered for sainthood is submitted to a special Vatican tribunal.

The request must explain how the person lived a life of holiness, pureness, kindness and devotion.

If the candidate meets the requirements, the tribunal officially recognises this person to be a Servant of God.

The tribunal report is sent to the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints at the Vatican.

The Congregation, comprised of theologians, cardinals, archbishops and bishops, studies the person’s life and writings to ensure they are in line with the teachings of the church.

The candidate must be found to possess four cardinal virtues and three theological virtues to be declared venerable and of heroic virtue.

Prudence

Justice

Temperance

Courage

Faith

Hope

Charity

VIRTUES

Cardinal

Theological

MOTHER TERESA WAS BEATIFIED IN 2003.

Healings

Liquefaction

Incorruptibility

Odour of sanctity

MIRACLES

COULD INCLUDE:

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*

*

*

*

*

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AFTER CANONISATION:

The saint’s name is added to the catalogue of saints and every member of the Roman Catholic Church may worship and pray to this saint

Churches may be dedicated to the saint

The saint’s name is invoked in prayers

Masses may be offered in honour of the saint

Feast days are celebrated in the saint’s memory

The saint’s relics are enclosed in vessels and publicly honoured

Now images can be made showing the saint with a halo

Stigmata

Levitation

Bilocation

MIRACLES

OFTEN ATTRIBUTED TO SAINTS DURING THEIR LIFE:

The saint’s body shows signs of the five crucifixion wounds of Christ

The saint is able to float

The person is able to appear in two places at once

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Attributed to the saint’s intervention
or contact with relics belonging to the saint

The body of the saint or the representation thereof liquefies
each year on the day of his or her death

The body of the person, who is already buried,
does not decay

The body expels a sweet odour instead of the normal posthumous odours

3

Beatification and miracles

4

Canonisation

One more demonstrated posthumous miracle must occur as a result of the person’s intercession for the person to be canonised.

 

 

 

 

The person is canonised through a formal papal decree that the candidate is holy and in heaven with God. The Pope makes the declaration during a special mass in honour of the new saint.

If the person was martyred - suffered death or persecution in the name of their faith - he or she may be beatified and named Blessed without further investigation. This is a locally recognised sainthood whereupon the person may be worshipped in his or her city, diocese, region, or religious community.

If not martyred, the person must be responsible for the occurrence of a posthumous miracle verified by the congregation.

*

In Mother Teresa’s case, two miracles were credited to prayers offered after her death: a man in Brazil with brain abscesses awoke from a coma, and the stomach tumour of a woman in India disappeared.

Some examples of saints and their miracles

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SAINT

HOW TO BECOME A

Text - Editing

Elizabeth Melimopoulos

Anna Nigmatulina

 

Design

@konstantinosant

 

Production

@AJlabs