Democrat

Republican

Where the US presidential

candidates stand on

foreign policy

The 2016 presidential election in the United States may lead to a sea change in foreign policy.

 

Each of the five main Republican and Democratic candidates have their own opinions on how to handle issues from Israel/Palestine to relations with Russia. The way the next US president tackles these problems may have implications for the rest of the world.

 

 So where do the candidates actually stand?

THEIR VIEWS ON...

Israel / Palestine

The United States has staunchly supported Israel for decades.

America gives the country $3bn

in aid each year.

 

While Barack Obama’s administration has stepped up rhetoric promoting a two-state solution and bashing settlement expansion, there have been no tangible changes in the relationship as far as money or diplomatic support is concerned.

listen

Praises Netanyahu;
Supports moving US
embassy to Jerusalem---Donald Trumpon Israel / Palestine

Settlements
are "illegitimate"

 

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Hillary Clinton

on Israel / Palestine

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Pro-settlements;
Supports moving US embassy to Jerusalem

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Ted Cruz

on Israel / Palestine

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Boycotted Netanyahu speech
in Congress

 

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Bernie Sanders

on Israel / Palestine

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Pro-settlements; Supports moving US embassy to Jerusalem

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Marco Rubio

on Israel / Palestine

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ISIL

The US government was caught off guard by the rapid advance of ISIL in recruiting and taking territory.

 

The Obama administration has relied on a coalition of Western and Arab nations to retaliate with air strikes.

 

 The US sent special forces to Iraq as advisers to the Iraqi army and is arming various armed groups on the ground in Iraq and Syria.

 

There is pressure at home to defeat ISIL, especially after last year’s attacks in Paris.

Fight with coalition;

air strikes targeting

oil production

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Donald Trump

on ISIL

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Supports Kurds;
increase air strikes

 

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Hillary Clinton

on ISIL

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Support Kurds;

carpet bomb

ISIL positions

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Ted Cruz

on ISIS

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Fight with coalition;
Muslim, not US troops

on the ground

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Bernie Sanders

on ISIL

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Support Kurds;
increase air strikes
and ground troops

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Marco Rubio

on ISIL

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Refugees

Admitting Syrian refugees into the United States became a hot-button issue after it emerged one of the attackers in Paris entered the country under the guise of a refugee.

 

Many Republican governors, Congress members and presidential candidates proposed temporary bans on admitting Syrian refugees into the US. President Obama blasted such proposals as ‘un-American’ and ‘offensive’.

Supports banning Syrian refugees; said many are "probably" ISIL

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Donald Trump

on refugees

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Against refugee ban

 

 

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Hillary Clinton

on refugees

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Supports banning Muslim Syrian refugees

 

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Ted Cruz

on refugees

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Against refugee ban

 

 

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Bernie Sanders

on refugees

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Supports banning
Syrian refugees

 

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Marco Rubio

on refugees

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China

The US and China have a tumultuous relationship. The US frequently accuses China of manipulating its currency for its own gain and hacking US companies and government agencies.

 

The Obama administration has employed a dual approach of cooperating on shared interests, such as energy and climate change, while pushing back against China on problems such as hacking and Taiwan.

Accuses China of unfair trade practices; would increase military presence in region

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Donald Trump

on China

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Reinforce alliances in region; increase cooperation in areas of common interest

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Hillary Clinton

on China

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Reinforce alliances in region; increase defence against hacking

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Ted Cruz

on China

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Tighten trade restrictions; increase cooperation in areas of common interest

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Bernie Sanders

on China

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Ratify Trans-Pacific Partnership; reinforce alliances in region

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Marco Rubio

on China

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Iran

Iran’s growing influence in the Middle East is a major concern for the Obama administration.

 

While ties with the Islamic Republic thawed with the passing of the nuclear deal, Washington is still concerned about Iran’s roles in Syria, Yemen, Lebanon and Gaza.

 

There are hopes the lines of communication created by the nuclear deal will lead to progress on these issues.

Add restrictions
to current deal

 

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Donald Trump

on Iran

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Uphold nuclear deal;
sanctions on ballistic
missile programmme

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Hillary Clinton

on Iran

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Undo nuclear deal

 

 

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Ted Cruz

on Iran

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Uphold nuclear deal

 

 

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Bernie Sanders

on Iran

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Undo nuclear deal

 

 

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Marco Rubio

on Iran

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Russia

The US has been repeatedly frustrated by Russia’s role in

conflicts across the Middle East and

Eastern Europe.

 

Russian and US interests are

coming to a head in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Ukraine.

 

The Obama administration has tried to take a tough stance towards President Putin, leading the effort to kick Russia out of the G8, but has failed to deter it from becoming more deeply involved in these conflicts.

Pressure Europe to support Ukraine; has praised Putin

 

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Donald Trump

on Russia

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Increase sanctions;
increase missile defence
in Eastern Europe

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Hillary Clinton

on Russia

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Increase sanctions; increase missile defence in Eastern Europe; give Ukraine defensive weapons

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Ted Cruz

on Russia

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Maintain sanctions; supports creating NATO-like coalition including Russia

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Bernie Sanders

on Russia

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Increase sanctions; increase NATO presence in Eastern Europe; give Ukraine unspecified weapons

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Marco Rubio

on refugees

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TEXT

Tal Axelrod

DESIGN

@AJlabs

Where the US presidential candidates

stand on foreign policy

AUDIO

Nadine Mansour